As genital herpes can be passed to others through intimate sexual contact, it's often referred to as a sexually transmitted infection (STI).HSV can affect any mucous membrane (moist lining), such as those found in the mouth (cold sores). The virus remains in your body and can become active again.The WHO researchers estimated that 3.7 billion people under the age of 50 are infected with HSV-1, which is best known as a cause of cold sores.Another 417 million people worldwide aged 15-49 have HSV-2, the type most often thought of as a sexually transmitted disease.Genital herpes is a common infection caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV).It causes painful blisters on the genitals and the surrounding areas.Although there's no cure for genital herpes, the symptoms can usually be controlled using antiviral medicines.However, it's important to prevent the spread of genital herpes by avoiding sex until symptoms have cleared up and continuing to use a condom afterwards.
Both types are highly contagious and can be passed easily from one person to another by direct contact.
To really break it down, let's say you touch an infected person's genitals with your mouth while they're shedding the virus, but there's no genital-to-genital touching.
You can then be infected with either HSV-1 or HSV-2 (whichever your partner has) and go on to develop lesions at the site of the infection (in this case, your mouth). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 87.4% of infected individuals have no clue. The best way to tell is to wait until you have an outbreak of lesions.
Genital herpes is usually transmitted by having sex (vaginal, anal or oral) with an infected person.
Even if someone with genital herpes doesn't have any symptoms, it's possible for them to pass the condition on to a sexual partner.