Another example of Dutch tiles in Polish church interiors may be found in the sacristy of St.Anna’s Church in Warsaw: a small section of wall decorations, probably the remnant of a larger decoration.Here we find an unusual display of 500 tiles on the walls (landscape and shepherd tiles from Utrecht, c. This room is decorated with 1,056 Dutch tiles and stuccos made by the Italian artist Baldassare Fontana, around 1698-1702. 1690-1700; landscapes and genre scenes, Amsterdam, c. This room in what is now Wrocław municipal museum has around 2,000 eighteenth-century tiles from various Dutch and Frisian workshops.The room was originally part of the rich patrician house in Blücherplatz, from where it was moved to its present location in 1898. Two interiors are decorated with tiles: the hall (shepherd, landscape, and biblical tiles, Utrecht, c.The diversity of these ceramic objects, which range in date from the seventeenth to the late eighteenth century, provides a wealth of information about the importation of Dutch tiles into the territory that is now Poland.Dutch tiles are also found in Polish museums, where the largest and most important collections are in the National Museum in Gdańsk, the Museum of Archaeology and History in Elbląg, and the District Museum in Toruń.Only two such interiors survive to this day, both damaged and greatly modified.
Located in the delta area of the Vistula River, Żuławy Wiślane was colonized by the Dutch Mennonites from the sixteenth century onwards.The repository of Dutch tiles in present-day Poland has largely remained undiscovered.That said, it should be borne in mind that the country’s present surface area is not the same as that of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth of the past, whose borders changed multiple times over the centuries.Tiles also served as “emissaries” of Dutch culture by popularizing the image of the country even more successfully than travel writings, because they adorned thousands of rooms and conveyed images of the country’s landscape and), the most important centers being Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Utrecht, Harlingen, Makkum, and Bolsward. It produced mainly plates, dishes, jugs, vases, and decorative objects, with tiles being just a tiny fraction of the output.Yet such was Delft’s fame that the tiles produced in the Netherlands became known by the historically inaccurate term “Delft tiles.” Whereas tiles largely served practical purposes in the Dutch Republic, in other European countries Dutch tiles were primarily decorative.